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AUTARQUICAS 2017: Almada e Barreiro, dois bastiões históricos dos comunistas, passaram para o PS. Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Umberto Renda   

CDU perde dez câmaras, nove para o PS e uma para independentes

No balanço da noite eleitoral, as contas da CDU saldam-se pela perda de dez autarquias, nove das quais passam para as mãos dos socialistas. É o caso de dois bastiões históricos dos comunistas. Almada, município que era do PCP desde as primeiras eleições locais, em 1976, terá agora como presidente de câmara a socialista Inês de Medeiros, que venceu as eleições por 213 votos. O Barreiro, que há três mandatos estava sob gestão da CDU, também votou ontem maioritariamente no PS. No distrito de Setúbal, o partido de Jerónimo de Sousa viu ainda cair o município de Alcochete.

No Alentejo, a CDU perdeu a câmara do Alandroal (distrito de Évora). Mais a sul, passaram para o PS Barrancos, Castro Verde, Moura e a própria capital de distrito, Beja.

 A coligação, que junta PCP e PEV, perdeu também para os socialistas a câmara de Constância, em Santarém, e Peniche, no distrito de Leiria, esta para um grupo de independentes. Neste último caso a CDU passou de partido maioritário, com três vereadores, a quarta força política, com apenas um eleito no executivo municipal...................



A gunman fired hundreds of bullets at festival-goers in the deadliest mass shooting in modern US history. Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Umberto Renda   

More than 50 people have been killed and hundreds injured in a mass shooting at a Las Vegas concert.

 Suspected gunman Stephen Paddock                                     Undated image

A gunman, named as 64-year-old Nevada resident Stephen Paddock, opened fire from the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay Hotel towards an open-air music festival attended by 22,000.

Police say he killed himself as officers stormed the room where 10 guns were found.

The attack is the worst mass shooting in recent US history.

US President Donald Trump tweeted his "warmest condolences and sympathies" to the victims and their families, and called the shooting "terrible".

Sheriff Joe Lombardo described the shooting as a "lone wolf" attack and there was no information about Paddock's motives.

"We have no idea what his belief system was," he said.


source bbc.com

As the NFL community began to speak out against Trump’s comments on Sunday Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Umberto Renda   

NFL players, owners defy Trump on anthem protests


SOMERSET, N.J.,/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - National Football League players sat out, knelt and linked arms during pre-game national anthems played across the country and in London on Sunday, hours after U.S. President Donald Trump called on fans to boycott teams that do not discipline players who protest.

In the first few games since Trump stepped up his criticism of NFL players, dozens of players and coaches of teams including the Baltimore Ravens, Jacksonville Jaguars, Philadelphia Eagles and Miami Dolphins did not stand for the anthem and took a knee, a gesture that began last year as a protest over police treatment of African-Americans and other minorities.

The Pittsburgh Steelers waited off the field during the national anthem before their game against the Chicago Bears in Chicago to avoid “playing politics” in divisive times, coach Mike Tomlin said.

In Detroit, several members of the Lions knelt while singer Rico Lavelle dropped to one knee and pumped a fist in the air at the end of his performance of the national anthem.

And in Philadelphia, city police officers joined with Eagles and rival New York Giants players and Eagles team owner Jeffrey Lurie to link arms during the anthem in a sign of solidarity.

Trump made a series of comments over the weekend criticizing players who refuse to stand for the national anthem.

“If NFL fans refuse to go to games until players stop disrespecting our Flag & Country, you will see change take place fast,” Trump wrote on Sunday morning on Twitter. “Fire or suspend!”

In another tweet, Trump, who is spending the weekend at his golf club in Bedminster, New Jersey, said that the “league should back” fans who are upset about the protests.

The form of protest began in 2016 when then San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick put one knee to the ground during pre-game renditions of the “Star Spangled Banner.” Several players have since made similar gestures.

Kaepernick initially started his protests last year by sitting during the anthem but when critics said it was a sign of disrespect, he instead took to kneeling.

At a political rally on Friday in support of his favored Senate candidate in a special election in Alabama, Trump suggested any protesting football player was a “son of a bitch” and should lose his job.

The comments criticizing African-American athletes, who are taking a stand against institutional racism and inequality, stirred up Trump’s conservative base as he grapples with North Korea’s nuclear threats, an investigation of Russian meddling in the 2016 U.S. election and ties to Trump associates while also struggling for a legislative win on healthcare in Congress.

As the NFL community began to speak out against Trump’s comments on Sunday, including people he considers friends and allies, Trump took to Twitter again on Sunday afternoon.

“Great solidarity for our National Anthem and for our Country. Standing with locked arms is good, kneeling is not acceptable. Bad ratings!” he wrote.

In a follow-up Tweet, Trump announced that the Pittsburgh Penguins hockey team, which won the Stanley Cup, accepted his invitation to the White House. “Great team!” he wrote.


On Sunday morning, NFL managers, coaches and owners began to weigh in on the feud, criticizing the president for calling out players’ political dissent.

New England Patriots Chairman and CEO Robert Kraft, who has dined with Trump and who the president considers a friend, criticized Trump and defended players’ right to protest.

“I am deeply disappointed by the tone of the comments made by the president on Friday,” Kraft said in a statement. Kraft said he supports his players’ “right to peacefully affect social change and raise awareness in a manner they feel is most impactful.”

Over a dozen Patriots players and coaches knelt or linked arms, including quarterback Tom Brady, who Trump had namedropped as a friend when he was on the campaign trail. Brady placed one hand on his chest and used the other to link arms with his teammates.

Jaguars owner Shad Khan linked arms with team players in solidarity at the game against the Ravens in London’s Wembley Stadium. Khan donated $1 million to the Trump inauguration fund..........................


SOURCE  James Oliphant, Valerie Volcovici http://www.reuters.com

25 SETTEMBRE 2017 Stampa E-mail
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A Guide to the Kurdish Independence Referendum


Kurdish nationalist movements have dreamed of an independent state ever since the breakup of the Ottoman Empire early last century and the birth of the modern Middle East. Now, Iraq’s Kurds are taking steps toward that elusive goal. They’re scheduled to vote Sept. 25 in a referendum on statehood. Leaders of Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdish region say a “yes” verdict will mark the beginning of a separation process rather than an abrupt splintering from the rest of the country. Iraq’s national government, as well as the country’s neighbors -- many with their own restive Kurdish minorities -- oppose the vote and have threatened to undermine moves toward secession.

1. What’s the likely outcome?

Judging by massive pro-independence rallies, it won’t even be close. Crowds have filled the streets of Erbil, the region’s capital, and other towns dancing and waving Kurdish flags. The 900,000 people registered to vote will be asked one question: “Do you want the Kurdistan region and the Kurdistani areas outside the region’s administration to become an independent state?” More than 98 percent of Iraqi Kurds voted for independence in a 2005 referendum that did not result in statehood. Kurdish President Massoud Barzani has said this year’s vote is different because it’s organized by the regional government whereas the previous one was arranged by activists without official approval.

2. Is there any organized opposition?

Businessman Shaswar Abdulwahid Qadir has led a "Not for Now" campaign. He says the referendum is being held to distract from pressing problems that he argues the Kurdish Regional Government has failed to address. These include a shortage of basic services and a financial crisis sparked by a drop in oil revenue and an influx of refugees who fled the 2014 advances of militants of the Islamic State. Some Kurds object to the referendum because, they argue, President Barzani is using it to entrench the rule of his Kurdistan Democratic Party, whose struggle for preeminence with its rival, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, erupted into civil war in the 1990s.

3. Who’s voting?

The vote will be held in the three governorates officially ruled by the KRG, as well as in disputed areas currently controlled by Kurdish forces, known as the peshmerga. The Kurds expanded their domain in 2014 when, faced with Islamic State attacks, the Iraqi army deserted the oil-rich city Kirkuk. The Kurds took parts of the city and its environs and now control significant oil exports. Pre-referendum warnings against secession by Iraq’s national government may be more widely heeded in Kirkuk.

4. What happens after votes are tallied?

There’s no mechanism for a part of Iraq to secede, and Kurdish officials from the president down say they will take their time arranging a divorce. Some observers contend that the Kurdish leaders don’t actually intend to pursue a split but rather want to use the referendum results to force the national government to resolve long-standing arguments over territory and revenue from oil sales. Among the biggest points of contention is the future of Kirkuk, which along with nearby oil fields produces about half a million barrels of crude daily. The national government says it owns Kirkuk and won’t negotiate it away.

5. Does Kurdish statehood have any backing?

Not really. Iraq’s parliament and top court have declared the vote unconstitutional. Neighbors Iran and Turkey oppose both the vote and statehood, which they see as a precedent that could encourage Kurdish separatists in their own countries. The U.S. is pushing the Kurds to postpone the referendum, arguing it will add to instability at a crucial point in the fight against Islamic State. United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres made the same point and urged the Kurds to resolve their issues with the national government through diplomacy. Israel and Russia, the top funder of Kurdish oil and gas deals, are the only major players in the Mideast that haven’t called on Iraq’s Kurds to cancel the plebiscite; Israel alone has encouraged the Kurds.

6. What might opposing states do?

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has threatened sanctions against the Kurdish region if the vote goes ahead. The secretary of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council, Ali Shamkhani, warned that Iran would close border crossings and cancel security agreements with the Kurds in the event of secession. Many analysts say irate neighbors are likely to wait and see what emerges from any talks between the regional and national governments following a “yes” vote rather than rush to action.

7. Could Kurdistan survive on its own?

 The Kurdish region has its own state institutions and armed forces, which have played a leading role in pushing Islamic State to the brink of military defeat in Iraq. It has also developed its own energy sector. But the region is landlocked, relying on Turkey and Iran for trade routes. Notably, it exports oil through a pipeline to the Turkish port of Ceyhan on the Mediterranean. If its neighbors were to shut it off, the region’s economy would shrivel.

8. What sets Kurds apart?

Numbering about 30 million in all, the Kurds are an Indo-European people whose traditional Kurdish homeland is today divided among Turkey, Iraq, Syria and Iran. Kurds have their own language and are mostly Sunni Muslims. In Iraq, Kurds make up about a fifth of the country’s 38 million people. When Saddam Hussein ruled Iraq, he displaced and killed countless members of the community, using chemical weapons at times. They were protected from such ravages when U.S.-led forces imposed a no-fly zone over Kurdish territory after the 1991 Gulf War. The enclave won a large degree of autonomy under the post-Saddam Iraqi constitution agreed in 2005. Kurdish nationalism deepened as the peshmerga scored battlefield successes against Islamic State and brought Kirkuk into the area under their control.


SOURCE  Caroline Alexanderhttps://www.bloomberg.com

OPINAO Stampa E-mail
Scritto da Umberto Renda   

O comunitarismo, antecâmara do terrorismo


Os nossos proverbiais brandos costumes, aliados a uma natural, ingénua e velhíssima crença de que contamos com o apoio da Divina Providência, leva-nos a olhar com pouco rigor, quiçá até displicência, para uma política de segurança interna assente nos excecionais perigos que a Europa atualmente atravessa.

Ao invés de Espanha (Madrid, 2003, quem se lembra já? E agora Barcelona e Cambrils), a ameaça terrorista em Portugal ainda não teve manifestação visível, embora pertençamos ao mesmo espaço geográfico outrora conhecido por Al-Andalus (711-1492), e que os terroristas do Daesh planeiam reconquistar. O índice de criminalidade pelas nossas paragens é baixo, mas com o ocorrido agora na cosmopolita Barcelona, a pachorrenta Lisboa passou a ficar mais à mão do terrorismo islâmico.

Dada a proximidade geográfica e simpatia histórica por Barcelona (foi graças ao levantamento da Catalunha em 1640 que Portugal se tornou independente de Espanha), é praticamente impossível não nos sentirmos ameaçados, o que fará que doravante olhemos para todos os muçulmanos com ainda mais desconfiança e, muito legitimamente, de resto, sintamos mais insegurança ao passar por eles na rua ou nos transportes públicos, esquecendo desse modo que muitas famílias muçulmanas mais não são do que portugueses maioritariamente oriundos de Moçambique e da Guiné-Bissau.

Mas o facto de se tratar de portugueses de religião islâmica não chega para nos tranquilizar, muito menos é reconfortante. Tanto quanto sei, a nacionalidade "ocidental" dos terroristas não tem sido impeditiva dos seus atos abomináveis. Há franceses, há espanhóis, há ingleses, há de tudo e de todo o lado entre os terroristas.

Para mais, e para não fugir à regra, Portugal acolhe muçulmanos de outros países, nomeadamente Indonésia, Marrocos, Argélia, Paquistão, Iraque, Afeganistão, Índia e Bangladesh, o que faz que existam atualmente cerca de 60 oratórios, dos quais pouco ou nada se conhece. Por isso, ocorre-me a seguinte pergunta: destes tais 60 oratórios quantos deles praticam o salafismo, corrente que defende uma interpretação literal do islão, pugna pela instauração da sharia universal e eterna, e defende o regresso ao modo de viver dos tempos de Maomé, rejeitando qualquer renovação religiosa?

Na Catalunha, cujo número de habitantes é sensivelmente o mesmo de Portugal, há 79 oratórios e um em cada três segue doutrina salafista. Para quem está menos familiarizado com as diferentes leituras do Corão, foram seguidores desta corrente fundamentalista que estiveram nos atentados de França, Alemanha, Bélgica e, agora, Barcelona e Cambrils, comarca da região de Tarragona. A Europa comunitária conta no seu seio com várias ramificações do salafismo, a maioria das quais proveniente do Magreb.

Os autores dos atentados são jovens desestruturados, com escassos conhecimentos do Corão, que lhes são inculcados por imãs fanatizados. Esses jovens ambicionam viver num sistema islâmico idealizado, para isso acreditando que, com a morte, ascendem ao céu onde os seus atos violentos são devidamente premiados com uma vida folgada e eterna no paraíso.

O que sabemos sobre essas comunidades residentes no nosso país? A que negócios se entregam? Que doações financeiras fazem ou recebem? Que amigos acolhem? A que países se deslocam e por que motivos? Quem são e o que fazem os familiares que do estrangeiro vêm a Portugal para os visitar? Apesar de tantas perguntas, só consigo encontrar uma resposta: sabemos muito pouco ou quase nada! E isto pela simples razão de que as novas comunidades residentes já praticamente não mantêm grandes laços com Portugal, movendo-as apenas o interesse em conseguir um visto de residência que lhes proporcione a obtenção de um tão almejado cartão do cidadão, por via do qual poderão enfim adquirir passaporte. E como se a perda de laços com Portugal não bastasse, com a recente entrada em vigor da lei da nacionalidade facilitou-se ainda mais a obtenção da nacionalidade, deixou de ser obrigatório fazer prova de português, presume-se o conhecimento da língua.

A nova lei da nacionalidade vai permitir ao zagal nepalês, à cartomante cingalesa, ao bufarinheiro paquistanês, ao amolador afegão ou ao talhante usbeque requerer com agastamento e sobranceria o seu documento de identidade português, já que para o conseguir nem sequer já os obrigam a balbuciar umas simples palavras no idioma do anfitrião, nem tão-pouco a saber o mínimo dos valores que ele defende, da religião que ele pratica ou da cultura que é a sua. Sem esses sinais mínimos de urbanidade e de respeito pelo próximo, apenas poderá vingar o comunitarismo, antecâmara de todo o terrorismo, seja ele ideológico seja ele bombista. E contra isso a tão nossa crença na Divina Providência nada pode.

Sócio Partner da Dantas Rodrigues & Associados


FONTE  http://www.dn.pt/opiniao

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lavori bizzarri per vincere la crisi

C'E' un'Italia che non va. Quella dei disoccupati, dei precari, di chi cerca lavoro. E ce n'è un'altra, sfaccettata, eroica e anche ironica, che sopravvive nonostante la crisi.

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